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State of South African Carbon Market

South Africa, as a signatory to the UNFCCC, has implemented a Carbon Tax covering 90% of the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions, with rates increasing from R120/tCO2e in 2019 to R462/tCO2e by 2030. Entities can offset 5% or 10% of taxable emissions using Carbon Tax Offsets (CTOs) administered by the Carbon Offset Administration System (COAS). In 2023, CTO listings decreased by 29%, while stockpiles in COAS increased by 127%, possibly due to anticipated higher future CTO…

2022 CDP South Africa Analysis

2022 CDP South Africa Analysis The Brundtland team had the privilege of reviewing and presenting the 2022 South African CDP corporate responses at the CDP South Africa Workshop. This review significantly deepened our understanding of CDP reporting and provided us with valuable first-hand insights into the South African corporate disclosure landscape and exemplary practices. We are thrilled to share key findings from our analysis, as it contributes to the broader dialogue on sustainability and hopefully…

Green Transport Strategy for South Africa: (2018-2050)

Green Transport Strategy for South Africa: (2018-2050) Emissions from the transport sector in South Africa account for 10.8% of the country’s total Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions. In addition to these direct emissions arising from the combustion of fuels, there are indirect emissions from the production, refining and transportation of fuels. Thus, to decarbonize South Africa, a green transportation system is required. This document outlays the country’s strategic plan.

The South African National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy

The South African National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy The National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (NCCAS) provides a common vision of climate change adaptation and climate resilience for the country, drawing from the National Development Plan, the National Strategy for Sustainable Development, the adaptation commitments included in its Nationally Determined Contributions, sector adaptation plans, provincial adaptation plans and municipality adaptation plans. It is worth noting that the NCCAS is directed not only at national government departments,…

South Africa’s Intergrated Resource Plan (IRP) 2019

Development Southern Africa South Africa’s National Development Plan (NDP) 2030 offers a long-term plan for the country. It defines a desired destination where inequality and unemployment are reduced and poverty is eliminated so that all South Africans can attain a decent standard of living. Electricity is one of the core elements of a decent standard of living. The NDP envisages that, by 2030, South Africa will have an energy sector that provides reliable and efficient…

Methodological Guidelines for Quantification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Greenhouse Gas Reporting South Africa New and updated GHG reporting methodologies have been published as of October 7, 2022. See the government gazette below

Household recycling and Millennials: A case study of the city of Johannesburg, South Africa

Development Southern Africa Household solid wastes are on the rise and landfill space is quickly running out all while an integrated solid waste management approach is being developed, but not yet implemented.

Brundtland Report 1987: Our Common Future

World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). In 1987, the WCED, which had been set up in 1983, published a report entitled Our Common Future. The document came to be known as the Brundtland Report after the Commission’s chairwoman, Gro Harlem Brundtland. It developed guiding principles for sustainable development as it is generally understood today.


DEA, SANEDI, UKaid. This study establishes an understanding of the economic and practical potential of compressed biogas (CBG) as an alternative transport fuel, thereby providing inputs to the potential further development of policies by the South African government.


DEA. The report explores opportunities that can be harnessed through the rehabilitation of the targeted biomes that can enhance carbon stocks and management regimes and in so doing significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Climate Change in Johannesburg

City of Joburg. This special edition publication for the C40 cities Summit in Johannesburg 2014 documents the bold and measurable sustainable actions across key sectors that improve the long and short-term quality of life of the citizens of Johannesburg.

Impact of the South African Carbon Tax on the Clay Brick Industry

CBA. An in-depth sector assessment, which looks at the industry’s exposure to the Carbon Tax and the potential mitigation options available to the independent producers in this country.

Towards a Green Economy

Willem Vermeend & Jan Willem Timmer. The book discusses the social and economic impacts of the Paris agreement as well as the pros and cons of the various measures for combating climate change. It also includes a number of ‘best practices’ which can serve as guidelines for policymakers and entrepreneurs.